The preparatory period lasted for over 10 years and today the construction of the first floating nuclear power plant of low capacity for northern and far eastern regions is becoming reality.

Floating NPP is a unique source of energy of new generation based on Russian technologies of civil and military ship building and designed for generating and supplying electricity and heat to consumers in Far North and Far East.

Floating nuclear power plants with KLT-40S and ABV-6M reactors are designed for generation and supply of electric and thermal electricity and desalination of water.

In many Russian regions it is impossible to build land NPPs as such projects would require preparing construction site, delivering equipment and materials, building and maintaining social infrastructure. So, here the best solution is installing floating NPP, operating it in shifts and decommissioning it on a green field basis.

The federal target program "Energy Efficiency Economy in 2002-2005 and -2010" envisages implementation of a project of low-capacity NPP on the basis of floating NPP with KLT-40S reactor.

The first such plants are supposed to be launched in Pevek (Chukotka) (with relevant declaration of intention signed) and Viluchink (Kamchatka).

The floating NPP has the following parameters: tonnage – 21,500 tons, length – 144 meters, width – 30 meters, capacity – 70MW, service life before maintenance – 12 years, total service life – 40 years, operating personnel – 69 people.

Key peculiarities of the plant:

  • the plant is built by specialized companies and delivered to the site; 
  • all the plant needs onsite is auxiliary facilities and lines for transmitting electricity and heat to the shore; 
  • the maintenance and treatment of radioactive waste is carried out by specialized companies once in 12 years; 
  • the plant is mobile and can be stationed anywhere onshore and even in the beds of big rivers; 
  • the project is based on the principle of green field - after decommissioning the plant is taken away from the area with no consequences for the environment.